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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a Neurodevelopmental disorder as defined by the American psychiatric association in the diagnostic and statistical manual, or DSM. ADHD is currently diagnosed in both children and adults based on the symptoms of inattention, and hyperactivity or impulsivity.
Two of several signs of inattention include making careless mistakes or having difficulty focusing. A few of the many signs of hyperactivity and impulsivity include fidgeting or restlessness, trouble sitting still, or interrupting and blurting out answers.
While everyone does these things sometimes not everyone has ADHD. An ADHD diagnosis requires at least six symptoms that are beyond what is Age-appropriate, which significantly impair multiple aspects of one’s life such as home school and work, that have persisted for at least six months. Been present since before the age of 12, and can’t be better explained by a different condition.
Not everyone with ADHD has the same symptoms. In fact, ADHD diagnoses are separated into three presentations:
- Primarily inattentive
- Primarily hyperactive
There are different levels of severity and people with ADHD often have co-existing conditions such as learning disabilities, anxiety, or depression. They can also be gifted. The term for this is twice exceptional. While there is no cure for ADHD, It is highly treatable.
There is no single treatment that works for everyone with ADHD, but the current recommendation based on a ton of research is Multimodal treatment. Medication to manage symptoms, and behavioral therapy to develop the skills and strategies necessary to minimize impairment.
Those with ADHD often struggle with everyday tasks and are at a higher risk for negative life outcomes such as divorce, job loss, accidents, and addiction. At the same time, many people with ADHD credit their success to the unique ways in which their brain works.
ADHD symptoms such as impulsivity and distractibility can translate into creativity, curiosity, a willingness to take risks, and an ability to think outside the box.
Get detailed info related to Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the video below.